electrical installation condition report (eicr)
aka Periodic Inspection Reports
The old Periodic Inspection Reports were updated on 01/01/2012 and are now known as Electrical Installation Condition Reports (EICRs)
Why an eicr?
All electrical installations will deteriorate over time. Wear and tear, environmental conditions, even UV radiation from the sun all take their toll. The regulations recommend inspecting and testing installations from time to time to ensure safe and efficient working.
Your mortgage company or insurers may require an EICR.
You may be considering buying (or selling) a property and need a more thorough assessment of the condition of the electrical installation than surveyors normally provide.
You may be about to rent out your property or need a 'post tenancy' report.
EICRs are vallied up to a maximum of 10 years depending on circumstances such as the use of the installation, condition at the time of the inspection and so on.
A satisfactory EICR will recommend an inspection and testing cycle for householders of up 10 years.
For Landlords its every 5 years or each change of tenancy. It's recommended that an installation is tested and inspected on each change of ownership as well.
If a period of less than up to 3 years has passed since an EICR then a Visual Report or evidance of continuous monitoring will be adequate for the above circumstance.
EICRs contain a minimum of 6 pages including a schedule of tests and inspections. I also provide a cover letter giving further information on issues I may find.
The scope of the report is agreed before starting. there may be limitations such as no access to the loft etc.
The report will describe each circuit in the installation, it's specification, wire sizes, protective devices etc. the condition of various aspects of the installation will be noted and
accessories (switchplates, sockets etc) will be sampled (usually around 20% of the installation). Should any faults be found then 100% of the installation is inspected.
Testing is carried out on all circuits for continuity and the condition of the insulation. Earthing and bonding is inspected and tested and all the safety devices are checked for safe working. The installation is visually inspected for any damage and checked for proper safety labelling.
Comments on the installation are noted down and any issues found are given one of three codes:
C1 Danger present, risk of injury, immediate remedial action required.
C2 Potentially dangerous, urgent remedial action required.
C3 Improvement recommended
A C1 or C2 will mean an unsatisfactory report, in the case of a C1 the circuit or circuits affected will have to be made safe immediately. A C3 still allows a satisfactory report but may shorten the length of time the report recommends before re-inspection and testing.
If any immediately unsafe condition is found then I will isolate and make safe immediately and discuss with you how to proceed.
Preparing for an EICR:
To carry out the inspection I will need to:
- Switch of the power for an hour or so:
- Usually fridges and freezers are ok for that period of time as long as you don't open the door. You may want to drop in some freezer packs in advance if you have them.
- Disconnect all electrical equipment:
- Some of my tests can give false readings if certain types of equipment are in circuit. Light bulbs will need to be removed and if you have any dimmers these will need to be by-passed by me.
- Locate all outlets:
- There may be sockets tucked away n cupboards or behind sofas you hardly use. I'll have to isolate appliances that are normally 'wired in'. (washing machines etc.).
I will make sure everything is re-connected when I've finished!
Anything with a timer will have to be reset afterwards.
ESC Best Practice Guide EICR
Periodic Inspection Explained (ESC)
It must be noted that compiling an EICR is not a fault finding exercise. It's an assessment of the condition of the installation. In order to get your installation to a satisfactory condition some fault finding and remedial works may need to be carried out. Having said that the tests carried out usually provide a very good steer to identifying problems and remedies.
When I carry out this work I will rectify small faults such as sleeving and labelling as I go but in general remedial works should be seen as a separate task.
Lastly it must be emphasised that these reports do not require compliance with current regulations. However if If the installation is not dangerous then it must be issued with a 'satisfactory' report. Many electricians use these reports to compel customers to change and upgrade equipment when it should only be a recommendation. I always recommend fitting RCDs for instance but would only fail an installation for not having RCD protection if it was a requirement at the time of installation.
Please look at my Rates and T&Cs page for my rates for an EICR
If you require me to carry out any remedial works for a satisfactory report then I will, of course, update my initial report, free of charge, accordingly on completion of the remedial work.
Please contact me if you would like to book an EICR
Thank you for reading this far!